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VTO power of Indian President
Every bill presented and passed in Parliament becomes an act only after obtaining the assent of the President.
When the bill is passed after being introduced in both houses of Parliament, the President can
(i) Bill passed, or consent to
(ii) withdraw their consent to the bill, or
(iii) Return the Bill to Parliament for reconsideration. This case is possible if the Bill is not a Money Bill or a Constitutional Amendment Bill. However, if the Bill is again passed by the Parliament, the President must give his assent to the Bill. This cannot happen after modification or modification.
A money bill with the recommendation of the President is introduced in the Lok Sabha. Therefore the Money Bill cannot be sent for reconsideration.
By the 24th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1971, it was mandatory for the President to give his assent to a Constitutional Amendment Bill.
There are four types of veto powers
1. Essential veto power
2.SUSPENSIVE Veto Power
3.PETET VETO Power
4.ABSOLUTE VETO POWER
The veto power obtained by the President of India is a combination of absolute, pocket and doubtful veto powers.
Open the current power packet
-> Indian President enjoys it
-> By this, the Speaker can keep a bill pending indefinitely.
-> It is the power of the President to take any positive or negative decision in relation to a bill.
-> There is no set time – the limit before which the President has to decide.
-> Giani Sail Singh is the first President to use the pocket veto in 1986 regarding the Indian Post Office amendment.
ABSOLUTE VETO POWER AT PRESENT
-> It is the authority over the state legislatures.
Article 111 specifies the President’s veto power.
Power to present orders
The most important legislative power of the President is the power to make ordinances.
Article 123 is an article in the Indian Constitution which empowers the President to make or publicize the sessions of both the Houses of Parliament – Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha.
Both houses of parliament must approve ordinances within six weeks of their assurances.
If the ordinance is not approved by the Parliament, the maximum duration of the ordinance can be six months and six weeks. This is because the maximum interval between the two Parliament sessions is six months.
The life of an ordinance approved by Parliament is six months.
The President can withdraw the Ordinance at any time.
Fukruddin Ali Ahmed is the President who enacted the most ordinances.