Current Part of India – Part 2


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Indian President

The President is elected according to Article 54 and it is according to Article 58, the President’s qualification is checked.

Current term of office

The term of office of the President is 5 years.

The President can be elected at any time.

The President can resign from the post at any time due to his inability to act like a President. He gives the resignation letter to the Vice President, while the latter to the President. When the Vice President has to give it to the Lok Sabha Speaker immediately.

If there is a vacancy in the presidential office, a new president must be elected during such a vacancy.

While in office, the president cannot be imprisoned or arrested. No criminal proceedings can be conducted while in the office of the President. However, depending on their individual acts, action can be taken after giving two months prior notice.

When the office of the President is vacant, there will be an acting President.

The term of office of the President is given in Article 56 of the Constitution of India.

Function of current

All executive functions of the Government of India are formally taken in the name of the President.

The President appoints the Prime Minister.

All other ministers are appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister.

He promotes and summons both houses of Parliament – Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.

The President dissolved the Lok Sabha.

He addresses both houses of parliament early in 1St. Yearly session and 1St. Session after each general election.

The reports of the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India are presented to the President.

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) reports are presented to the President.

Finance Commission (FC) reports are presented to the President.

The terms of office of the President are given in Article 59.

Present forgiveness

The President can grant pardon to a convicted person in all cases where punishment is a crime against Indian law. Article 72 of the Indian Constitution talks about the pardoning power of the President.

The President can also waive the death penalty unlike the Governor who cannot.

The sentence or sentence of a court martial may be waived by the President.

Articles and current

Article 52 states that there is a President of India.

Article 54 states that the President is elected.

Article 56 describes the term of office of the President.

Article 58 describes the eligibility for the election of the President.

Article 59 describes the conditions of office of the President.

Article 60 gives information about the oath or confirmation of the President.

Article 61 talks about the process of impeachment of the President.

Article 72 details about the President’s pardoning power.

Article 111 states the veto power of the President.

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