Lathe machine | Separate operation on a workpiece


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What is a lathe machine?

The lathe machine is the mother of all mechanical engineers. If you are a mechanical engineer and do not know a lathe machine, then your life is meaningless! The lathe machine extracts the necessary material from a workpiece. Many operations are conducted on a lathe such as facing, center drilling, boring, reaming, etc. It can hold circular, square as well as rectangular workpieces. This blog will cover almost all the work done on a lathe. Let us start with some basic parts to understand Leth.

  1. Chuck: Chuck pierces the workplace.
  2. Tailstock: The tailstock supports long workpieces. Used to hold drill bits.
  3. Headstock: It is the head of the power unit.
  4. lead screw: Used to provide automated feeds.
  5. tool post: It is a tool holding device mounted on the guideway.

Lathe operation

  1. Turning: Turning to remove material from outer surface. The axis of the workpiece is perpendicular to the axis of the tool. The feed is provided along the axis of the workpiece in turns.
  2. Face: Facing is the operation to remove metal from the end of the workpiece to produce a flat surface. Typically, the workpiece is cylindrical, but using a 4-jaw chuck may cause a rectangular face.
  3. Taper Turning: The taper turning process produces workpieces of varying diameters. In this operation, the tool feeds at an angle to the length of the workpiece to form a conical shape. The angle at which the tapering bend occurs is the taper angle.
  4. Drilling: Drilling is a cutting process, a drill bit produces a hole of circular cross-section in solid metal. The drill bit is a rotary multi-point cutting tool that creates a circular hole.
  5. Harness: Internal threading is known as tapping.
  6. boring: The procedure was performed to increase the diameter of the minute hole
  7. reaming: It is an operation to eliminate previously drilled holes.
  8. threading: Thread cutting on a lathe is a method that creates a helical ridge of the same section on the workpiece.
  9. knurling: The process of forming a pattern of straight, angled or crossed lines on a surface called a noorling.
  10. Parting: Parting or cutting is the method of removing the desired length of workpiece.
Lathe operator

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