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“A camera is a tool that teaches people to watch without a camera” – Dorothy Langhe
The camera obscura is known as the ancestor of the photographic camera. It is a Latin name meaning ‘dark chamber’. It was invented in 1500 AD by a Muslim physicist Alhagen (Ibn al-Haytham). The object allowed light to pass through a pinhole, which appears as an inverted image on the other side of the camera obscura. The object was more like a projector because it could not actually store the image. It can only project the image.
The first true camera was a daggerotype camera developed in 1839 AD, invented by Louis Jacques Mande Dagherre. It was considered the first true camera by the French Academy of Sciences. This camera is now the most expensive camera in the world. The camera used a special copper plate to capture light from the image. The image took up to 15 minutes to fully capture.
Then 1840 AD. In it came the dagareotype mirror camera. It was developed by Alexander Wolcott. The camera used a daggerotype plate in front of a focusing system, using a concave mirror to project images. A sliding shutter prevented further exposure after capture. This camera received the first US patent for photography.
Then 1850 AD. Came the first panoramic camera. It was invented by Thomas Sutton. It was the first panoramic camera to use wide-angle lenses. It can occupy a wider field of view than a human eye. It was also considered a Sutton camera.
Then 1864 AD. In, George Hare introduced the stereo camera. This is the type of camera that had two or more lenses. It also has a separate image sensor or film frame in each lens. This allows the camera to capture 3-D images.
1888 AD A Kodak roll-free camera was introduced. It was introduced by George Eastman. In 1888, Eastman created a new small camera meant for amateur photographers who did not want to bother with chemicals and technical procedures.
1900 A.D. Kodak Brownie Camera was introduced in It was a new version of the Kodak roll-free camera brought by George Eastman. It was the first mass-marketing camera. The brownie was a very simple cardboard with a simple meniscus lens that took 21/4-inch square images on 117 roll film. It was conceived and marketed for the sale of Kodak role films. Brownie holds an important place in the history of cameras.
1900 A.D. Rise camera was introduced in It was invented by Oskar Bernack. The Raees camera was a lightweight and portable camera. It was also known as a travel camera due to its features. It was the most wanted camera for landscape photographers.
1913 AD In, Oskar Barnack introduced the German Leica camera. This was the first still camera which was also considered a candid camera. It was 35 mm. It was first used only for landscape photography, but later became the standard for all film cameras.
1948 A.D. In, came the Polaroid camera, invented by Dr. Edwin Herbert Land did. The Polaroid camera was an instant camera. It can take a picture and print it in a minute.
1960 AD In, underwater cameras were invented. It was brought by EG&G Company. It was the first underwater camera. It was used by the US Navy to be able to take underwater photographs up to 20 feet.
1978 AD by Konica Company. The Konica C35 AF camera was introduced. It was the world’s first autofocus camera. And it was also considered the world’s first point-and-shoot camera. It was considered a landmark camera due to its features.
1981 AD Sony Mavica camera was introduced by Sony company in India. It was the world’s first electronic still video camera. This camera recorded the images in a mini-disc and then inserted them into a video reader.
In 1991, the Kodak DCS camera was introduced by Kodak. It was the first professional digital camera system (DCS). This was of great use for photo-journalists.
The Apple QuickTake-100 camera was introduced in 1994 by the Apple company. It was the first digital camera for the consumer-level market. It worked with a home computer via a serial cable.
1995 AD The Minolta RD-175 camera was introduced by Minolta. It was the first digital SLR. This hand was portable. It combined an existing SLR with a three-way splitter and three different CCD image sensors. It has a 1.75M pixel resolution.
A mirror camera was introduced in 2004. They are smaller than DSLRs. But they produced images that compete with DSLR quality. They are gaining popularity among itinerant photographers, street photographers and photography hobbyists who want great photos without opening a huge DSLR.
The action camera was introduced in 2010. It was introduced by Go Pro. Go Pro HD Hero (Action Camera) marked the first rugged, waterproof camera. It was capable of capturing video in 1080p.
In 2012 the Lito camera was introduced by Lito. It was the first light-field camera. This can draw information from the subject that the photo has been taken resulting in the image being re-colored after being taken.
Cameras have made it easier to reshape our history. This is because we can see pictures of events that actually took place. And due to technological advancements, we can now click and edit photos through our mobile phones. Quote “A picture is worth a thousand words” This is not far from the way cameras have helped to revolutionize the way we see our world and our surroundings.