Svalbard Global Seed Vault | Gene bank


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introduction :

Was there anything more valuable than minerals, oil and gold? Are we in need of saving the seeds from extinction? Is it possible to protect the seeds? Is there a gene bank? What does Svalbard Global Seed Vault really look like? … If you have similar thoughts then this blog is perfect for you…

Svalbard Global Seed Vault

place :

The Svalbard Global Seed Vault is located inside a mountain located between Norway’s mainland and the North Pole. This is known as the Global Seed Vault.

Svalbard Global Seed Vault

biggest :

This global seed vault represents the largest collection of seed vaults in the world. And it is designed in a way to keep it from man-made and natural disasters.

Lack of maintenance:

More than 1700 gene banks exist worldwide, but most of them are vulnerable to natural disasters and most of them are not well maintained due to improper funding. Such less maintained freezers can ruin the entire collection of seeds in the vault.

Natural cooling:

The presence of the vault inside a mountain protects the seeds in a position without permafrost and thick rock frozen strength.


Like a life-saving insurance policy, the vault preserves the seed for many centuries. It serves as a backup for various important varieties of seeds available in the world.


The vault is 100 meters inside the entrance. And it is located in a geologically stable area with low humidity levels and above sea level for better protection.


The vault has an estimated storage capacity of about 4.5 million varieties. Each variety will have about 500 backup seeds on the vault.

collection :

Varieties of crops stored in the vault include American-based seeds to Asian seeds such as rice, maize, etc. Currently, about 980000 specimens are presented inside the vault.

They take a few years to assemble to avoid unnecessary duplication.


At a minimum temperature of -18 ° C, the seeds are stored in a three-ply foil package, and they are then sealed inside boxes to keep themselves on the vault to preserve them for longer periods.

black box :

The black box system in the vault was strictly maintained under international seed vault law. Accordingly, hoarders are the only animals that have the right to boxed from the vault.


The Svalbard Global Seed Volt acts as an important vault to protect these seeds from extinction like dinosaurs.


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