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Unemployment statistics in India are historically collected, compiled and disseminated once every five years, mainly from sample studies conducted by the National Sample Survey Office.[ In addition to these 5-year sample studies, India has never regularly collected monthly, quarterly or annual national employment and, except since 2017, has never collected Indian Economy Monitoring Centre, a non-governmental organisation, was founded in 2016.
**Methodology and survey frequency
At the national and state levels, the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) has been the main government agency in India to research jobs, unemployment, and unemployment rates through sample surveys. It does not announce the results of jobs or unemployment every quarter or year, but usually only once every 5 years. In 2004-2005, 2009-2010, and 2011-2012, the last three officially published NSSO surveys and reports on employment and unemployment were completed.
**Causes of Unemployment in India.
The causes of high unemployment and under-employment in India are the subject of intense debate among scholars, according to Alakh Sharma. A group of scholars state that it is a consequence of “restrictive labour laws that create labour market inflexibility,” while this proposed rationale is contested by organised labour union India has about 250 labour laws at central and state levels, and the Indian labour laws are found by global manufacturing companies.
A long-standing problem in the Indian economy has been unemployment and under-employment. The Indian labor force has been officially categorized by the Indian government into three groups, according to a 2013 study by Pravin Sinha: Urban formal market, which requires periodic wages and coverage of factory and service industry workers under Indian labor law informal urban economy, including self-employment and casual salary staff.
The Government of India has taken several measures to reduce unemployment rates, such as the introduction of the National Mahatma Gandhi Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, which guarantees an unemployed individual a hundred days of employment in a year. It has incorporated it in 200 districts and further will be extended to 600 districts. The employee is paid 150 a day in return for working under this system.[citation required]
**Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005.
The Government of India has taken several measures to reduce the unemployment rate, such as the Rashtriya Mahatma Gandhi Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, which guarantees an unemployed person, has covered it in 200 districts and will be further extended to 600 districts. Under this system, an employee is paid Rs 150 per day in exchange for working.[citation required]Apart from the job exchange, the Government of India publishes a weekly newspaper.